Cars are not toys. They are huge, heavy pieces of machinery that have the potential to cause immense amounts of damage to both property and people. Traffic crashes occur every single day, and bad weather increases the number of accident fatalities.

Whether you’re driving alone or with passengers, your top priority should always be safety. Modern life is more distracting than ever before, so you need to know basic driving safety and practice it constantly. Here are some tips to decrease your crash risk and enhance your safe driving habits.

Focus, Wear Your Seat Belt, and Follow Speed Limits

  • Don’t multitask. Distracted driving causes car crashes. Keep your full attention on the road and on driving at all times.
  • Wear your seat belt always, and make sure your passengers are wearing their safety belts also.
  • This should go without saying, but… NO USING CELL PHONES (or any other device) while driving.
  • Stick to the posted speed limit and drive even slower in adverse conditions. Driving at higher speeds gives you less time to react to avoid an accident and may cause more serious damage and injuries if you’re involved in a collision with other vehicles.

Woman driving

Defensive Driving Safety Tips

  • Driving safely includes defensive driving. Practice defensive driving and pay attention to the positioning and behavior of other drivers. Expect them to move erratically and do unexpected, often stupid things, including distracted driving.
  • Stay at a safe following distance. Keep a buffer of three seconds between you and the car ahead of you – don’t tailgate. Bear in mind that if you follow some commercial vehicles, like 18-wheelers, too closely, you may enter their blind spots, which is an extremely dangerous situation.
  • If the weather is bad, keep a buffer of six seconds between you and the vehicle in front of you.
  • Avoid sudden stops. Stay alert and avoid aggressive driving. No using cell phones or other devices while you are behind the steering wheel.
  • Pay attention to oncoming traffic as well as the vehicles behind and beside you. Expect the unexpected and don’t let your attention get pulled away from the road.

Have a Safe Driving Plan

  • If you’re running late, you might be tempted to speed. Make sure to account for the time you need to take rest breaks, get food, make phone calls, et cetera.
  • Adjust your seat and mirrors BEFORE you start rolling, not after.
  • Don’t eat while behind the wheel. Just pull over for a few minutes.

Safety Inside the Car

  • Don’t keep loose objects in your car that could move around while your vehicle is moving.
  • Do not try to pick up anything that falls on the floor while you are operating a moving vehicle.
  • Keep whatever you need – toll fees, toll cards, parking passes, etc. – within easy reach.
  • Make sure everyone is wearing their seat belts, and never drive under the influence of alcohol or other drugs.
  • Remember, cruise control doesn’t mean you can relax behind the wheel, not even on a relatively straight highway. Motor vehicle crashes occur on all road types.

Other Drivers and Safe Driving Tips

  • Don’t let children climb around in the car’s cabin or fight. They should be securely buckled into their seats (or special car seats for younger children) at all times. Noise and motion can distract you when you should be paying attention to the road.
  • Tired driving has been proven to be just as dangerous as drunk driving, so don’t do it. Period. Some medications can cause drowsiness, so beware of those if it’s time to drive.
  • Be careful when you change lanes. Changing lanes too quickly, cutting other drivers off, or not using your turn signals can lead to accidents. Always use your turn signals when making lane changes.
  • Watch out for wildlife, especially during deer season.
  • Be aware of aggressive drivers, impatient drivers, and distracted drivers. Keep a safe distance away from them, while using your best driving skills, including using proper braking, signaling, and driving techniques.
  • Always obey speed limits. Pay attention to traffic lights, follow all traffic rules, obey the posted speed limits, and stay focused on road safety.

Defensive driving can help prevent car accidents

What to Do if You’re in an Accident

If you have the misfortune of being involved in a car crash, your first step should be to make sure that nobody in your car is hurt. After that, check on the passengers in the other vehicle, as well as anyone else in the area. Then:

  • Stay at the scene of the accident. Leaving will turn the accident into a hit-and-run violation, which will come with a hefty fine – or worse.
  • Call 911. Dispatch will send officers and appropriate medical personnel to the accident as quickly as possible. When they arrive, you’ll need to wait while they put together an accident report.
  • Don’t get out of the car. If your accident took place on a busy road or a highway, stay in the car and wait for emergency personnel to arrive. It’s dangerous to stand along the side of a busy road.
  • Remain calm. Exchange your contact and insurance information with the other driver. That’s it. Don’t let it turn into a fight or an argument. If you can, try to get names and phone numbers from anyone else who witnessed the accident.
  • Get in touch with your insurance provider. Call them and report your claim. The agent will need any paperwork you can get regarding the accident and will help by giving you information about how and where to get your car repaired.

What to Do If You Get Pulled Over

You probably know the drill already when it comes to getting pulled over – drive onto the shoulder as quickly as you can and turn the car off. Then wait for the police officer to approach your vehicle. Then, be ready to:

  • Turn the light on. If you’re pulled over at night, turn on your car’s interior lights. Then keep your hands where the police officer can see them to avoid him or her jumping to any conclusions and taking action against you.
  • Keep your hands where they can be seen. Keeping your hands on the steering wheel is a good neutral position. Don’t reach for anything, though – whether before the officer approaches, or after. If you move to grab something, the officer might assume it’s a weapon.
  • Hand over your documents. The officer may ask you to hand over your driver’s license and your proof of insurance. If you need to reach for them, inform the officer and move slowly. If the officer asks you to get out of your car, do this slowly as well.
  • Be polite. Keep your composure, and don’t start an argument, insult the officer, or behave in a disorderly manner. This should go without saying, but don’t try to bribe an officer, either.

If the officer decides to give you a ticket or a citation, and you feel that your treatment was unfair, take it to a traffic court. You’ll be given a lawyer and heard by a judge or a magistrate if it is deemed necessary.

Drunk driving is illegal in every state

Speed Limit and Traffic Laws

Some roads are classified legally as low-speed zones. These are typically areas with a lot of foot traffic, like school zones and streets that have a lot of intersections close together. If you drive over the speed limit, particularly in these areas, you could be putting yourself and others at risk of injury. Keep these things in mind:

  • Don’t pass a school bus if it has its stop sign out on the left side. This indicates that the children could be crossing the road, and with the bus in the way, you can’t see to confirm whether it’s safe.
  • If you hear police (or other emergency vehicles’) sirens approaching from behind you, get into the right lane or pull over to the side of the road. Then, stop and wait for the vehicle to pass you.
  • Avoid the “California stop.” Come to a complete stop at stop signs and double-check for pedestrians and other cars before you keep going.
  • Adhere to the posted speed limits. Speeding tickets are expensive, and there’s no guarantee that a ticket is the worst punishment you’ll receive. Other penalties for speeding include fines, appearances in court, and the loss or suspension of your driver’s license. A speeding ticket on your record can also lead to your insurance company raising your rates.
  • When you’re parking, watch out for handicapped signs, fire hydrants, bus stop zones, permit-required parking spots, and restrictions on parking during specific hours. Pay attention to all the signs you see, even if it means giving up a convenient (but illegal) spot to circle the block, or you end up parking a few blocks away. It’s still better than paying a fine or having your car towed, or both.

DUIs and DWIs

Depending on where you live, you may have heard one or the other of these terms, but they amount to the same thing – Driving Under the Influence (DUI) or Driving While Intoxicated (DWI). Alcohol can slow your reflexes, decrease your mental acuity, and compromise your ability to drive safely. Even just being “buzzed” can be dangerous and decrease a driver’s reaction time, and it still legally counts as drunk driving.

Being arrested on a DUI charge comes with expensive consequences. These include the loss of the time that you’ll be spending in jail, the money you’ll spend on Uber when your license gets suspended, and fines. If you hit or kill anyone while driving under the influences, the consequences will be even more severe.

Bear in mind that it is also illegal to have an open container of alcohol in your car while driving, even if you aren’t drinking any of it. If you’re carrying alcohol with you, keep it sealed and keep it in the trunk, where it will be clear that it wasn’t within your reach.

In the US, all 50 states share the same legal limit for Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC). For individual drivers, you are required to have low blood alcohol levels below 0.08%. For commercial drivers, it’s half that – .04%. If you’re under 21, it’s 0%. Any amount, no matter how small, will lead to a DUI arrest.

In some cities, police officers will set up checkpoints along the road to stop and stop drunk (or otherwise impaired) drivers. These are more common during big holiday weekends or during big sporting events – any time there might be more drinking and driving going on than average.

If you get stopped at one of these checkpoints, police officers will ask you a few questions, and might give you a sobriety test such as walking along one of the painted lines on the road or saying the alphabet backwards. They may also ask you to blow into a breathalyzer. If any of these tests show or suggest that you have a high BAC, you might be arrested. If you plan on drinking alcohol, then appoint a designated driver, or call a cab.

Police officers pulled a driver over for drunk driving

Safe Winter Driving

Winter can be a beautiful season, but it’s just a headache when it comes to driving. You’ll get to deal with snow, rain, slush, and ice, all of which make driving significantly more dangerous. To handle these additional variables and stay safe, you should:

  1. Buckle up. It’s illegal to drive without a seatbelt in most states anyway, and beyond that… it’s just plain dumb. Use common sense and wear your seatbelt. Of all the safety features in modern cars, seatbelts are still the most effective at saving lives in car accidents.
  2. Be careful in places that get icy quickly, such as intersections, bridges and overpasses, and shady spots on the road. Many fatal crashes occur on icy roadways.
  3. Check weather reports online or on TV so that when bad weather hits, you’ll be prepared. On bad days, schools and workplaces often close or delay opening. If you absolutely don’t have to drive in poor weather conditions, just stay inside.
  4. Keep an emergency kit somewhere in your car. This should contain a first aid kit, blankets, and jumper cables, at the bare minimum.
  5. Try to keep your cell phone charged and try to keep plenty of gas in your tank.
  6. Make sure your vehicle is ready, with properly inflated tires, clear mirrors and windows, and double check that your emergency kit is ready for the weather conditions.

When you get behind the wheel, good driving habits are key to increasing your safety on the road. Oncoming drivers may not be focused on road safety, driver safety, or obeying traffic rules. Driving is a driving is a big responsibility and every driver has an obligation to keep everyone safe on the road.

Featured Image Credit: mohamed_hassan / Pixabay
In Post Image Credit: mohamed_hassan / Pixabay, Car vectors created by macrovector –